Shotokan Terminology

 

GENERAL TERMS

Karate: Empty Hands 
Karate Do: The Way of Karate 
Karateka: Practitioner of Karate 
Shotokan: "House of Shoto"; Pen name of Funakoshi 
Dojo: School of training or academy 
Sensei: Teacher 
Sempai: Senior 
Kohi: Junior 
Kyu: Rank 
Gi: Uniform 
Obi: Belt 
Osu: " I understand and will try my best." Also used to show respect, 
enthusiasm. Do not use outside the dojo!
Budo: Way of combat 
Zanshin: Poise and control 
Kime: Focus 
Kihon: Fundamentals/Basics 
Kiai: Spirit shout/focus or spiritual energy 
Kata: Practice form 
Embusen: Floor pattern/lines of a kata 
Maai: Distance 
Bunkai: Application (interpretation) of kata techniques 
Kumite: Sparring/fighting 
Sanbon Kumite: Three-step sparring 
Ippon kumite: One-step sparring 
Jiyyu kumit: Free sparring 
Waza: Technique 
Dachi: Stance 
Tsuki (Zuki): Punch 
Uchi: Strike 
Uke: block 
Rei: Bow 
Geri: Kick 
Ashi-barai: Foot sweep 
Kamae: Posture 
Yame: Stop 
Yori-ashi: Sliding the feet 
Tai-sabaki: Body shifing 
Mokuso: Meditate/Gather Your Thoughts 
Dozo: Please 
Onegai Shimasu: "I welcome you to train with me" 
Aka: Red 
Shiro: White 


COUNTING

Ichi: One 
Ni: Two 
San: Three 
Shi: Four 
Go: five 
Roku: Six 
Shichi: Seven 
Hachi: Eight 
Ku: Nine 
Ju: Ten 
NiJu: Twenty 
Ippon: First


DACHI WAZA (STANCE)

Zenkutsu dachi: Front Stance 
Kokutsu dachi: Back Stance 
Kiba dachi: Straddle (Horse) Stance 
Fudo dachi: Fighting Stance 
Musubi dachi: Informal Attention Stance (feet in "V") 
Hachiji dachi: Open-legged Stance (Yoi) 
Shizen-tai dachi: Natural Stance 
Neko-ashi dachi: Cat Stance 
Renoji dachi: "L" Stance 
Kosa dachi: Cross-Legged Stance 
Hangetsu dachi: Wide Hour-glass Stance


DIRECTION

Mae: Front 
Yoko: Side 
Ushiro: Back 
Mawashi: Round 
Jodan: Head high level 
Chudan: Mid-high level 
Gedan: Low level; Down 
Migi: Right 
Hidari: Left 
Gyaku: Reverse 
Uchi: Inner 
Soto: Outer 


UKE WAZA (BLOCKS)

Age uke: Rising block 
Gedan uke: Down block 
Soto ude uke: Outside froearm block 
Shuto uke: Knife block 
Morote uke: Augmented block 
Juji uke: X block 
Manji uke: Hi/Low block (Heian 5) 
Tate Shuto uke: Vertical knife-hand block (Heain 3) 
Haishu uke: Back-hand block (Heian 5) 
Empi uke (or Hiji uke): Elbow block (Heian 3) 
Nagashi uke: Sweeping block  


GERI WAZA (KICKS)

Mae geri keage: Front snap kick 
Yoko geri keage: Side snap kick 
Yoko kekomi: Side thrust kick 
Mawashi geri: Round house kick 
Ushiro geri: Back thrust kick 
Fumikomi geri: Stomping kick 
Uchi mikazuki geri: Inside crescent kick 
Soto mikazuki geri: Outside crescent kick 
Tobi geri: Flying kick 
Hiza ger: Knee kick/strike 
Nidan geri: double kick (Kanku-Dai)
Ushiro mawashi geri: Reverse round house kick 


TSUKI WAZA (PUNCHES)

Oi tsuki: Lunge punch 
Gyaku tsuki: Revese punch 
Kizami tsuki: Jab 
Choku tsuki: Straight punch 
Kagi tsuki: Hook punch 
Oi-gyaku tsuki: Lunging revese punch 
Ura tsuki: Close punch 
Morote tsuki: Parallel punch 
Sanbon tsuki: triple punch 
Ren tsuki: Double punch 
Age tsuki: Rising punch 
Gedan tsuki: Down punch 
Yame tsuki: Wide "U" punch 
Otoshi tsuki: Dropping punch (Empi) 
 Ippon Ken tsuki: One-knuckle fist punch (Hangetsu)


UCHI WAZA (STRIKES)

Tettsui: Hammer-fist strike 
Uraken Uchi: Backfist Strike 
Teisho Uchi: Palm Heel Strike 
Shuto Uchi: Knife Hand Stike 
Nukite Uchi: Spear Hand Strike 
Empi Uchi: Elbow Strike 
 Tate Empi Uchi: Upward Elbow Strike


OFFICIAL WTKO KATA

Heian 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Tekki 1, 2, 3,
Bassai Dai 
Bassai Sho
Kanku Dai
Kanku Sho
Empi
Jion
Jiin
Jitte
Gankaku
Unsu
Meikyo
Sochin
Nijushio
Wankan
Gojushiho-sho
Gojushiho-dai
Chinte
Hangetsu
Kakuyoku Shodan
Kakuyoku Nidan
Suishu
Kashu
Hachimon
Senka
Meikyo Nidan